FREE PDF · BOOK Things Fall Apart

DOC Ï Things Fall Apart ↠ Chinua Achebe

Things Fall ApartThings Fall Apart tells two intertwining stories both centering on Okonkwo a “strong man” of an Ibo village in Nigeria The first Things Fall PDFEPUBa powerful fable of the immemorial conflict between the individual an “The drums were still beating persistent and unchanging Their sound was no longer a separate thing from the living village It was like the pulsation of its heart It throbbed in the air in the sunshine and even in the trees and filled the village with excitement” Chinua Achebe Things Fall ApartThis is a book of many contrasts; colonialism and traditional culture animism and Christianity the masculine and the feminine and the ignorant and the aware although who is who depends on who’s speakingOkonkwo is one of the most intriguing characters in African fiction He epitomizes so much I dislike; he’s abusive misogynist has very little patience or tolerance for the weak and is perhaps he’s even over ambitious Despite all his faults it’s impossible not to pity him a little because after all the life he knows the life of his ancestors is being taken from him uite cruelly by the British settlersThis book really takes the reader into the Igbo culture Achebe shows the traditional culture very well a culture which is rife with superstition but rich in context I loved the inclusion of the African proverbs and folk tales and the details of the Igbo clan system Achebe also shows how tightknit precolonial African culture was and how despite not having the so called civilized institutions things went pretty smoothly because of the community spirit and also the societal rules The importance of ancestors in society is a part of this “The land of the living was not far removed from the domain of the ancestors There was coming and going between them” Achebe managed to inject some humour into such bleak subject matter although I think this feat is uite common among African writers ”You grew your ears for decoration not for hearing” What I found difficult to come to terms with as an African Christian myself is the horrific way Christianity was introduced to the African continent However despite the lack of respect the colonialists showed to the people it’s hard to deny that there were some aspects of African tradition that were outdated and people had the option of leaving such tradition behind especially if it was harmful For example in this book the outcasts and the parents of twin babies who had to kill their babies to prevent evil from entering the village obviously found it easier to abandon traditionI think this book was the first one that made me realize the terrible impact of colonialism I’ve always been curious about how Chinese women with bound feet must have felt after that fashion was seen as barbaric and unfashionable and in the same vein I’ve also wondered about how those in African cultures who had lots of power and were accorded lots of respect might have felt when new values undermined everything they had worked towardsThis book reminds me a lot of Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s “The River Between” which focuses on similar subject matter albeit on the other side of the continent Kenya I would highly recommend both of them

Chinua Achebe ↠ Things Fall Apart EBOOK

Missionaries These perfectly harmonized twin dramas are informed by an awareness capable of encompassing at once the life of nature human history and the mysterious compulsions of the soul From the Trade Paperback editio The act of writing is strangely powerful almost magical to take ideas and put them into a lasting physical form that can persist outside of the mind For a culture without a written tradition a libraries are not great structures of stone full of objects instead stories are curated within flesh locked up in a cage of bone To know the story you must go to the storyteller In order for that story to persist through time it must be retold and rememorized by successive generationsA book scroll or tablet on the other hand can be rediscovered thousands of years later after all those who were familiar with the story are long dead and miraculously the stories within it can be delivered to modern man in the very same words the ancients used If in umran cave we had found the dry bones of the scribe who copied the dead sea scrolls instead of the scrolls themselves we would have no access to any of his knowledgeAny library can be destroyed whether the tales are stored in the mind of a bard or on the skins of animals but unwritten history is much fragile after all speech is nothing than wind which cannot be dug up from the earth a century later All lands have their own histories but sadly we only get to hear a scant few in their own wordsWe know that Africa had empires as complex and powerful as those of Europe beyond the well known examples of Egypt and Carthage the Romans give us secondary evidence of the great Central African empires from which they got their salt and gold alongside many subseuent references but in the end these amount to little than myths and legendsCarthage itself was so thoroughly destroyed that Rome basically erased their true history replacing it with Roman propaganda and rumor mongering until in The Aeneid Carthage becomes nothing than Rome’s jealous jilted lover instead of what she truly was the template of naval dominance and mercantile power that Rome copied and built her empire uponThe African continent is just as full of ruins and archaeological treasures as Europe or Asia but due to rampant social and economic instability caused by multinationals suabbling over resources and profits in the power vacuum left in the wake of post colonialism it’s not currently safe or supportable to research these sites and rediscover the cultures they represent Hopefully someday we will be able to uncover this wealth of knowledge but until then we can only imagine all that we have missed the great loves and wars of Africa the dark skinned Caesars and Helens the Subotais and Musashis of the savannaBut not all is lost to us We still have pieces of the puzzle the fact that fractal math on which we base our computer languages comes from North African divination which is why Fibonacci had to go there to learn it or the fact that most of the Greek and Roman texts upon which the Western literary tradition is based were passed down to us not from Christian monks but Islamic scholars this is why Averroes appears in Raphael's School of Athens and why he and Avicenna appear alongside Plato and Aristotle in the works of Dante The glory of Benin City the wealth of Mansa Musa all these await the student of African historiesPlus there are still storytellers in Africa the lineages through which their histories have passed are not all dead Though the words were not written down we can research them all the same looking for lost ‘texts’ rare tales and compiling them collecting them and finally giving voice to histories that have been too long obscured Knowing all of this I thirsted for depth and complexity from Achebe to get a view into one of the innumerable cultures of AfricaThe power of a story from a different culture is in defamiliarization Though all cultures share certain universal ideas love freedom revenge tyranny the way they are expressed in each particular

TEXT Things Fall Apart

FREE PDF · BOOK Things Fall Apart ´ ❮KINDLE❯ ❄ Things Fall Apart ❁ Author Chinua Achebe – Things Fall Apart tells two intertwining stories both centering on Okonkwo a “strong man” of an Ibo village in Nigeria The first a powerful fable of the immemorial conflict between the individualD society traces Okonkwo’s fall from grace with the tribal world The second as modern as the first is ancient concerns the clash of cultures and the destruction of Okonkwo's world with the arrival of aggressive European Achebe’s protagonist isn’t a very nice man In reality he is an asshole I don’t like him I don’t think anyone really does He is ruthless and unsympathetic to his fellow man He grew up in a warrior’s culture; the only way to be successful was to be completely uncompromising and remorseless His father was weak and worthless according to him so he approached life with an unshakable will to conuer it with his overbearing masculinity ”When Unoka died he had taken no title at all and he was heavy in debt Any wonder then that his son Okonkwo was ashamed of him Fortunately among these people a man as judged according to his worth and not according to the worth of his farther” I love the sarcasm in this uote Achebe is clearly suggesting that this is not true for the white man For all their supposed superiority they cannot get this simple thing right The African tribe here has a better system of promotion based on merit The warrior Okonkwo has a chance to prove himself regardless of what occurs in the “civilised” part of the world And here is the crux of the novel Achebe gives the black man a voice; he gives him culture and civilisation These men are not represented in an unjust way He is directly responding to the ignorant trend in Victorian literature that represented the colonised as unintelligible and voiceless they were shown to be savage Achebe gives us the realityThis uote says it all “If you don't like my story write your own” And that’s exactly what he did himself He holds no judgement His protagonist is completely flawed Okonkwo is without mercy; he has earnt his fame and respect so when an untitled youngster speaks out he is immediately roused to anger This is his hamartia his tragic flaw he must overcome this and treat his fellow tribesmen with a degree of dignity But he is a slow learner And who can blame him For all his brutality and misogyny this is till his culture This is all he has ever known whether it’s right or wrong doesn’t matter Granted not all the men are as extreme as him He uses his position to extract violence than most His wives are often the focal point for his rage much to their misfortune He sounds like a bad man; he’s certainly not a nice man but that’s not the point Achebe’s meaning and the power of this story is revealed at the end I found this very unusual but it was also very effective The point of this novel is to show how uncompromising the white man is That’s an obvious point though what I mean to say is that its full effect is revealed at the end The Nigerian culture the way of life for the tribe folk in this novel is forced to change because if it doesn’t it will be destroyed in its entirety The protagonist represents this; he has to deal with the crisis He had a choice he could either accept the white man’s way and be changed forever or he could stick to his own customs and ultimately fall Language is the key “Among the Igbo the art of conversation is regarded very highly and proverbs are the palm oil with which words are eaten”Africa does not possess a silent culture Conrad’s Heart of Darkness was wrong African language is formal developed and intelligent Here in Nigeria is the conduit for the Igbo culture It is rich in oral tradition Achebe recognises that to accept a new language is to shun the original culture Achebe shows that Igbo tradition is dependent on storytelling and language to accept English would destroy the Igbo traditions It would alienate the Africans form their culture; thus resistance however futile is the natural and just response Okonkwo’s reactions are deeply symbolic of a culture that is about to collapse I think what Achebe is trying to portray here is the uietness of the African voice It had no say It doesn’t matter if the colonisers were kind or br