「甘え」の構造 reader ¶ Paperback õ Takeo Doi

text 「甘え」の構造

「甘え」の構造 reader ¶ Paperback õ Takeo Doi õ [KINDLE] ✽ 「甘え」の構造 Author Takeo Doi – Johns-cycling-diary.co.uk A classic study of the Japanese psyche a starting point for a true understanding Japanese behaviorThe discovery that a major concept of human feeling easily expressed in evEs of cultures and nationsPublished in Japan as Amae no Kozo The Structure of Amae Dr Doi's work is focused upon the word amae indulgence and its related vocabulary Expressive of an emotion central to the Japanese experience amae refers to the indulging passive love which surrounds and supports the individual in a group whether family neighborhood or the world at large Considering the lack of such words in Western languages Dr Doi suggests inherent differences between the two cultures contrasting the ideal of self reliance with those of interdependence Amae is a Japanese term used to describe behavior and emotion that is often translated as ‘indulgence’ and is related to acting as a spoiled child The concept of amae received international attention after a publication by a Japanese psychoanalyst Takeo Doi in 1971 There is perhaps no euivalent term in the English language; however amae situations may exist in countries outside of Japan with or without a label Niiya et al 2006 The reception of amae actions varies based on the context of usage sourceTakeo Doi was the first to bring attention to the concept of amae In The Anatomy of Dependence Doi places a heavy amount of focus on the Japanese words that contribute to this concept Unfortunately little is done to tie together amae and the vocabulary he presents If lucky there may be a paragraph that wraps up his sources with analysisI was also bothered by the amount of poorly backed generalizations of both Japanese and Western societies It's a short read to get one's feet wet with the concept but I would not consider The Anatomy of Dependence as a great source With societal changes since the 70's of which Doi mentions I would be wary of how much his book upholds

text Ô 「甘え」の構造 Ñ Takeo Doi

A classic study of the Japanese psyche a starting point for a true understanding Japanese behaviorThe discovery that a major concept of human feeling easily expressed in everyday Japanese totally resisted translation into a Western language led Dr Takeo Doi to explore and define an area of the psyche which has previously received little attention The resulting essay The Anatomy of Dependence is one of the most penetrating analyses of the Japanese mind ever written as well as an important original contribution to psychology which transcends the boundari Ruth Benedict analyzed Japan through the lens of girininjo Chie Nakane highlighted vertical relationships For Takeo Doi the foundation of Japanese society is AmaePerhaps the trickiest cipher I've encountered in my Nihonjinron studies yet Amae is one of those culturally specific words that has so many meanings it almost circles back around to meaninglessness There is a similarity in Japanese to German in its tendency to capture very precise ideas or feelings in a single albeit long word Ironically the idea behind doing so was as a shortcut all language is just audible shorthand or code shared between people who speak it But if you don't the opposite can occur confusion and puzzlementSo what is Amae The dictionary definition is derived from the Japanese verb amaeru which means something like to rely on The connotation involves a child like attitude the indulgent and sometimes bratty behavior a kid might display only with a doting parent This might seem like an odd starting point for explaining the behavior of millions of people but Doi lays out a fairly compelling case As a Japanese psychologist Doi's input here is also valuable since the previous two authors I mentioned were not professionals in this field Both Benedict and Nakane worked in anthropology Doi read their works and recognized their insights But something some key idea or feeling was missing As a psychologist who directly observed and spoke with Japanese patients who were struggling with various internal issues he realized many of them had something in common a frustration or inhibition of Amae Like the concept of Love or Acceptance in the West he determined that Amae is a critical emotional and spiritual need that Japanese people crave whether they know it or notSo do all Japanese exhibit some childish need to be spoiled It's not uite that simple First of all Amae is simply a word the Japanese have for something all humans want according to Doi The fact that they have a specific word for it merely reflects their different cultural attitudes and focus not the existence of the concept itself That concept is deeply rooted in an almost subconscious desire to be united with others and a dislike of separation something that happens shortly after we are born Separation anxiety isn't exactly the same but it can be helpful in getting at his point Different cultures deal with this need to Amae in different ways In Japan one noted example was the Emperor system the elevation of the Emperor during the Meiji era to a national patriarchal figurehead Historians have noted that this idea was actually rather new to the Japanese political consciousness since the Emperor prior to this was largely unimportant to the average Japanese citizen who was likely to feel allegiance to their local lord Doi documents the process by which this shift in loyalty was accomplished by the architects of the Restoration who realized that the only way to create a sense of Japanese national pride was by centering it around a symbol in this case the person of the Emperor himself Doing so reuired an understanding of the Japanese sense of Amae the need to feel an emotional connection or reliance on someone In the West this sense of public spirit is still there but due to Western emphasis on individuality tends to center on things not people Take the American attitude toward the flag for example In many ways the sensitivity and outrage provoked by disrespecting the flag is comparable to the attitude of pre war Japanese toward the Emperor This is because many A

Takeo Doi Ñ 「甘え」の構造 ePub

「甘え」の構造And the indulgence of weaknesses Yet he finds that Western audiences have no difficulty in recognizing and identifying with the emotions he describes and are even searching for a way to express this needWhile there is no doubt that the concept of amae is developed in Japan and the feelings it engenders profound Dr Doi's work is widely recognized as having a universal application This translation of his most important essay has now been long welcomed as a major contribution not only as an insight into the Japanese mind but into the minds of men everywher This classic work on the psychology of Japanese offers amazing insights to the interpersonal world of Japan While some readers might feel impatient with the psychoanalytic approach here the observations and careful connections the author makes are very much on target Having lived in Tokyo for 15 years and in China for three the opening up of the so called inscrutable mind of Japan shows that they are both uniue and people just like everyone else in the world That balance of uniueness and ordinariness is only part of what makes this book a helpful way of understanding one culture and the differences between cultures A must read about Japan